Finnish holiday rye bread
- Contributed by World Recipes Y-Group
This Y-group is international. Good food from all parts of the world. A place where we can share the wonderful food from all over the world.
- 2 cups buttermilk
- ½ cup molasses
- ¼ cup butter or margarine
- 2 tsp salt
- 1 tsp fennel seeds
- 1 tsp caraway seeds
- 2 tbsp dry yeast
- ½ cup warm water
- grated rind of 1 orange
- 1 cup rye flakes or wheat germ
- 2 cups dark or light rye flour
- 3½ to 4½ cups unbleached white or whole wheat flour
- Heat the buttermilk, molasses, butter or margarine, salt, fennel seeds, and caraway seeds until the butter melts.
- Set aside to cool.
- Dissolve the yeast in the warm water. Let it stand for 5 minutes until the yeast bubbles.
- Add the yeast to the cooled buttermilk mixture along with the grated orange rind, rye flakes or wheat germ, and rye flour.
- Beat well until smooth. Add 3 to 3½ cups of wheat flour, stirring in a cup at a time, until the dough will not readily absorb more flour. The dough will be rough.
- flour a work surface with the remaining wheat flour and turn the dough out onto it.
- Cover the dough with a damp cloth and let it rest for 15 minutes.
- The gluten in rye is more fragile than in wheat. It needs a resting time to recuperate and reform and does not require as vigorous or lengthy a kneading.
- Gently knead the dough for 5 to 10 minutes until smooth. Form the dough into a ball and place it in a large buttered bowl or pot, turning it to coat all sides with butter. Cover it and let it rise, in a warm spot, until doubled in size, about an hour.
- Punch down the dough and gently knead it for one minute.
- Form the dough into three round loaves and place in lightly buttered 9-inch cake pans or on buttered baking sheets.
- Cover and let rise until almost doubled in size, 45 minutes to an hour.
- Preheat the oven to 375°F. Combine the water and molasses, brush the tops with half of this mixture to glaze.
- Then lightly pierce the loaves all over with a fork.
- Bake for 35 to 45 minutes, until the bread sounds hollow when tapped on the bottom. While the bread is hot, brush it with the remaining glaze.
- Remove the loaves from the pans and cool on racks.
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